Settlement Structure

During the long period of its development the city was changing its overall shape and form. Originally a town of craftsmen and merchants, the city became an industrial center and one the most important transportation nodes of Bohemia during the second half of the 19th century.  And the shape and form of the city undoubtedly reflected that new role.

Economic interests brought industrial and building activity to the city. From our today's point of view their start was reckless and violent. From the 60s large single-purpose and monotonous residential areas were constructed and the development was extensive and one-sided.

Functional zones are territories that are mainly focused on certain basic types of functions and activities or their combination (e.g. residential area, production, recreation):

  1. The historical center includes the zone inside former city walls,
  2. The mixed central zone consists of the city center and its periphery with the accumulation of housing and services,
  3. The mixed residential zone combining universal area with living and shopping functions (e.g. the center of Klise),
  4. The residential zone with exclusively living function (e.g. housing estate Dobetice or Severni Terasa),
  5. The production and commercial zone mainly includes areas of production activities (e.g. Predlice)
  6. The zone for recreation and free time activities includes sports centers, holiday resorts and cultural centers,
  7. Woods and green areas represent a territory of natural character (city skirts in the Elbe valley)
  8. The rural zone includes areas of natural character with partial living function.

Administrative Development

The long history of the city records considerable administrative changes.

In 1900 Klise and Krasne Brezno were joined with the historical center.  The first significant integration of suburban communities occurred in 1939 to create the so called "Big Usti".  Usti was extended by Bukov, the industrial community of Predlice (over 5 thousand inhabitants) and Trmice.  The city was extended by Strekov on the right bank of Elbe (10 thousand inhabitants).

After 1976 other communities joined the city – Stribrniky and Dobetice (intensive civil construction at present).  In 1980 the second significant integration occurred. Usti was extended by Brna nad Labem, Cirkvice, Sebuzin and Svadov on the right bank of Elbe, and also by Vanov, Kostov, Hostomice and Habrovice.

In 1986 Nestemice (with the status of a town since 1970), Chabarovice (town since 1523) and Chlumec became part of Usti.    Usti nad Labem reached its maximum territorial size and maximum population in the history (105 thousand inhabitants). Next years see the disintegration of UstiChlumec, Chabarovice, Ryjice become independent in 1993 and later Trmice is also granted the status of a town in 1996.